FTP is the protocol of choice to send data over the Internet. A wide range of command lines and GUI clients are available. Most operating systems have an FTP client installed by default. Due to legal requirements, plain FTP will not be supported after June 21st, 2018. Only FTPS (FTP over TLS) and SFTP (FTP over SSH) will be supported for manual uploads.
All server enforce authentication. For Web access, you need to authenticate using your IBM ID. For FTPS and SFTP servers you need to create an "IBM Support File Transfer ID".
FTPS instructions (FTP over TLS)
FTP is the protocol of choice to send data over the Internet. A wide range of command lines and GUI clients are available. Most operating systems have an FTP client installed by default. ECuRep does only support FTPS (explicit) to meet legal requirements.
For a certain period of time, anonymous FTP uploads using tools that enforce encryption of the content, will be supported. In order to use this, your FTP client must support TLS and your firewall must be transparent for secure FTP .
Note: Please use the server closest to your physical location.
Active vs. passive transfer mode
The FTP protocol supports two transfer modes: active and passive. Both are supported by the ECuRep FTP server. The active mode is the default for many FTP clients. If you encounter problems after logging onto the ECuRep's FTP server, try to switch to the passive mode. This is needed because most corporate firewall policies only allow the use of the passive mode. If your client does not support the passive mode, please use another client. If you are in doubt, try an ls command right after login. If nothing is returned and a timeout occurs passive FTP is required.
ASCII vs. binary transfer mode
One of the least-understood aspects of FTP transfers is the difference between ASCII and binary mode data transfers. ASCII stands for American Standard Code for Information Interchange, and is a type of character encoding based on the English language used on devices that handle information stored in text. It includes 33 non-printed control characters and 94 printed characters such as letters and punctuation.
When files are transferred in ASCII mode, the transferred data is considered to contain only ASCII formatted text. The party that is receiving the transferred data is responsible for translating the format of the received text to one that is compatible with their operating system. The most common example of how this is applied pertains to the way Windows and UNIX handle newlines. On a Windows computer, pressing the "enter" key inserts two characters in an ASCII text document - a carriage return (which places the cursor at the beginning of the line) and a line feed (which places the cursor on the line below the current one). On UNIX systems, only a line feed is used. ASCII text formatted for use on UNIX systems does not display properly when viewed on a Windows system and vice versa.
Binary mode refers to transferring files as a binary stream of data. Where ASCII mode may use
special control characters to format data, binary mode transmits the raw bytes of the file
being transferred. In binary mode, the file is transferred in its exact original form.
For our FTP server transfer must be done in binary mode.
To help you use our FTP server, we provide several operating system-specific descriptions. For more information, please go to the description of your operating system.